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Airfare/Trip Pricing Basics


Using the KVS Tool to Plan a Trip or Mileage Run
 Step 1: Destination  
 
 Flexible Destination/Mileage Run    Fixed Destination  

If your destination is flexible (e.g. a Mileage Run), use a Tool like Kayak Explore to locate a Fare with a low PPM, and note the city pair (e.g. LAX-LON).
 

Goto Step 2 directly.
 


 Step 2: Fares  

Search for Fares between that city pair (e.g. LAX-LON), and locate the Fare you are interested in:

Carrier    From    To    Fare      Cur   AdvanceP  Min  Max  Fare Basis / Travel Period      
---------  ------  ----  --------  ----  --------  ---  ---  -----------------------------      
BA         LAX     LON       213   USD     7 Days  Sun  12M  OLWNCNAJ      
BA         LAX     LON       213   USD     7 Days  Sun  12M  OLXNCNAJ      
IB         LAX     LON       213   USD     3 Days  Sun   1M  BLAW1MUS           -17 Apr      
IB         LAX     LON       213   USD     3 Days  Sun   1M  BLAX1MUS           -17 Apr      
CO         LAX     LON       213   USD     3 Days  Sun   1M  LKWNC15S      
CO         LAX     LON       213   USD     3 Days  Sun   1M  LKXNC15S      
CO         LAX     LON       213   USD     3 Days  Sun   1M  LLWNC15S      
CO         LAX     LON       213   USD     3 Days  Sun   1M  LLXNC15S      
NZ         LAX     LON       213   USD        ***  Sun  350  KWSL9      
NZ         LAX     LON       213   USD        ***  Sun  350  KXSL9      
BD         LAX     LON       213   USD     3 Days  Sun   1M  LKXNC15S     01 Apr-      
[..]      


 Step 3: Fare Rules  

Review the Fare Rules of the Fare in question, taking a note of the restrictions/conditions:

[Day/Time]      
PERMITTED FRI/SAT/SUN.      
      
[Seasonality]      
PERMITTED 18JAN11 THROUGH 12APR11 ON THE OUTBOUND TRANSATLANTIC SECTOR.      
      
[Minimum Stay]      
TRAVEL FROM INBOUND TRANSATLANTIC SECTOR MUST COMMENCE NO EARLIER THAN THE FIRST SUN AFTER DEPARTURE OF THE OUTBOUND TRANSATLANTIC SECTOR.      
      
[Maximum Stay]      
TRAVEL FROM LAST STOPOVER MUST COMMENCE NO LATER THAN 1 MONTH AFTER DEPARTURE FROM FARE ORIGIN.      
      
[Travel Restrictions]      
VALID FOR TRAVEL COMMENCING ON/BEFORE 17APR11. ALL TRAVEL MUST BE COMPLETED BY MIDNIGHT ON 17APR11.      
      
[Sales Restrictions]      
RESERVATIONS MUST BE MADE ON/BEFORE 31MAR11. TICKETS MUST BE ISSUED ON/BEFORE 31MAR11.      
      
[Transfers]      
4 TRANSFERS PERMITTED IN EACH DIRECTION.      
      2 PERMITTED IN NORTH AMERICA IN EACH      
     DIRECTION      
      2 PERMITTED IN AUSTRIA/BELGIUM/BULGARIA/      
     SWITZERLAND/CYPRUS/CZECH REPUBLIC/GERMANY/      
     DENMARK/ESTONIA/SPAIN/FINLAND/FRANCE/UNITED      
     KINGDOM/GREECE/HUNGARY/IRELAND/ITALY/      
     LITHUANIA/LUXEMBOURG/LATVIA/MALTA/      
     NETHERLANDS/NORWAY/POLAND/PORTUGAL/ROMANIA/      
     SWEDEN/SLOVENIA/SLOVAKIA IN EACH DIRECTION.      
FARE BREAK SURFACE SECTORS NOT PERMITTED AND EMBEDDED      
SURFACE SECTORS PERMITTED ON THE FARE COMPONENT.      
      
[Stopovers]      
2 STOPOVERS PERMITTED ON THE PRICING UNIT - 1 IN EACH      
DIRECTION AT EUR 75.00/USD 105.00 EACH.      
      
[Flight Application]      
THE FARE COMPONENT MUST NOT BE ON ONE OR MORE OF THE FOLLOWING      
        AA FLIGHTS 6125 THROUGH 6126      
        AA FLIGHTS 6199 THROUGH 6200      
	[..]      
        IB FLIGHTS 5000 THROUGH 5999      
        IB FLIGHTS 7464 THROUGH 7466      
        IB FLIGHT 7469      
        IB FLIGHT 7937      
        IB FLIGHT 7938.      
[..]      
      
[Advance Reservations/Ticketing]      
CONFIRMED RESERVATIONS FOR ALL SECTORS ARE REQUIRED AT LEAST 3 DAYS BEFORE DEPARTURE.      
WAITLIST NOT PERMITTED.      
TICKETING MUST BE COMPLETED WITHIN 3 DAYS AFTER      
RESERVATIONS ARE MADE OR AT LEAST 3 DAYS BEFORE      
DEPARTURE WHICHEVER IS EARLIER.      


 Step 4: Routing Rules 

Double-click the chosen Fare and View Routing Rules.
 
 Routing-Based Fares:   Maximum Permitted Mileage-Based Fares: 

If the Fare is Routing-Based, specific routing(s) will be listed after "ROUTING XXXX":

If the Fare is Maximum Permitted Mileage-Based, "ROUTING MPM" / "MPM TRVL PERMITTED" will be shown instead:

LAXLON-IB              *RULE DISPLAY*     TARIFF 0001 RULE US55      
      
   -FARE BASIS         USD       NUC                PTC  FT  GI      
BLAW1MUS        R    812.00    812.00               ADT  EX  AT      
BLAW1MUS/CH     R    812.00    812.00               CNN  EX  AT      
BLAW1MUS/CH     R    812.00    812.00               UNN  EX  AT      
BLAW1MUS/IN     R    812.00    812.00               INS  EX  AT      
BLAW1MUS/IN     R     81.00     81.00               INF  EX  AT      
      
BOOKING CODES        B       
      
INDUSTRY FARE TYPE - XBB - BUDGET ADVANCE PURCHASE      
      
MPM - AT  6538 VIA NORTH ATLANTIC      
---------------------------------------------------------------      
      
ROUTING 7123    FROM  LAX-AA/IB-SJU/NYC/MIA/BOS/CHI/      
                      WAS-IB-MAD/BCN-IB-MAD/BCN-      
                  TO  BA/IB-LON*                                      

LAXLON-AA 04DEC11      *RULE DISPLAY*     TARIFF 0001 RULE J400      
      
   -FARE BASIS         USD       NUC                PTC  FT  GI      
NLXNAJB         R    382.00    382.00               ADT  EX  AT      
NLXNAJBCH       R    287.00    287.00               CNN  EX  AT      
NLXNAJBCH       R    287.00    287.00               INS  EX  AT      
NLXNAJBIN       R     38.00     38.00               INF  EX  AT      
NLXNAJBCH       R    382.00    382.00               UNN  EX  AT      
      
BOOKING CODES        N                          
      
INDUSTRY FARE TYPE - XPF - 4TH LEVEL INSTANT PURCHASE      
      
MPM - AT  6538 VIA NORTH ATLANTIC               
---------------------------------------------------------------      
      
ROUTING MPM  MPM TRVL PERMITTED                 
      
      

See the Interpreting Routing Rules section in the User Guide.

If a Fare is Routing-Based, the MPM does not apply and should be disregarded.

Note the Maximum Permitted Mileage [MPM] & the Global Indicator (e.g. Atlantic or Pacific).

Construct your Routing (subject to the Fare Rules) and validate the Total Ticketed Point Mileage [MPM] of your proposed Routing using the [TPM] function under the [Reference] Tab:

LAX-DFW:  1238 mi /  1992 km      
DFW-CHI:   799 mi /  1286 km      
CHI-NYC:   725 mi /  1167 km      
NYC-LON:  3458 mi /  5565 km      
----------------------------      
Total:    6220 mi / 10010 km      


 Step 5: Availability  

Check Availability for the desired date(s) in the required Booking Class:

MON  01 Aug 2011      
      
Carrier    Flight  From  Depart    To    Arrive    A/C  St  Availability      
---------  ------  ----  --------  ----  --------  ---  --  -----------------------------------------------------------      
IB         6170    LAX   17:55     MAD   14:15     340      J9 C9 D9 R9 I8 Y9 B5 H0 K0 M0 L0 V0 S0 N0 Q0 O0 P0      
 -> IB     3172    MAD   15:25     LHR   16:45     321      J9 C9 D9 I8 Y9 B3 H0 K0 M0 L0 V0 S0 N0 Q0 O0 P0      


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